Friday, May 10, 2013


CULTURAL HERITAGE OF CIRCLE BAKOTE &
 MURREE HILLS

PREFACE>

Qazi Mohammad Obaidullah Alvi 05

Kohsar is a hidden Paradise on Earth, 96 KM north of Pakistani Capital Islamabad. Kohsar means the natural beautiful regions of Circle Bakote, Galies (Galyat), Circle Lora and Murree Hills. These earthly paradise parts contained high rise mountains peaks, River Jhelum and Nelum, Knair, Hero and other nullas, vegetables, grains and rice fields as well as World the best fruits gardens. People of area are most intelligent as two dozens of PhD laureates only in Union Council Birote. There are 100 PC literacy rate with a several poets, writers, lawyers, judges and more than 150 journalists. Teacher community is also a part of Kohsar culture since ancient time both before and after Islamic era. This hidden paradise has rich cultural traditions among social, educational, literal, linguistic in daily life. They have a five millenniums based completed cultural traditions and values which Vedic, Aryans, Kshmiri and Islamic cultural elements reconstructed a new hilly civilization gradually time to time. I searched my the best in this regard but I acknowledged that it is not a complete and comprehensive details and it a debt of our home land on future anthropologists who will explore new dimensions of Kohsar culture and civilization. I requested all sons of soils that they point out me the errors or mistakes if any; I will be very thankful to him. It is a research work that never completed and it should be updated any time.
MOHAMMAD OBAIDULLAH ALVI
Journalist, Ethnologist, Blogger, Historian and Anthropologist
Islamabad, Pakistan
Ph: +92 331 5446020.


WEDDING IN KOHSAR


OLD TIME

Wedding or marriage is a very pleasurable sense in life of a couple since beginning of human being after exile of Adam and Ave from Paradise. Kohsar was a huge lake from the peaks of Murree, Moshpuri, Nanga Prbat and other Himalayan’s high rises. People came here when this lake became a paradise, even hidden, for human being. Who came first here, no record available. As per record the Kohsar converted in to a populous region eight millenniums ago. There is a short account of social ceremonies as weddings and funerals. Kohsar was a part of Kashmir and Taxila Kingdom from old days and those micro nations and group who occupied and ruled this area came in Kohsar enroot to Kashmir. Kashmir was occupied and ruled by Hindu Shahya dynasties till Ranchan Shah Era in middle of 13th century at the advancement of Islam. Shave god and Kohala goddess were worshiped both in Kashmir and Taxila; many temples were in area especially on the peak of Moshpuri, at Patan (now Kohala) on River Jhelum. Wedding was take place at mentioned temples and it was duty of a bride that she would take place her night stay at temple. It was a shameful tradition and had written off after Ranchan Shah Era by his order. Wedding ceremony covered one month in soon after taking control of Gakhers in regions. They introduce their own customs as a young girl stood outside her house waiting a spouse, if she failed to gain her life partner she would be stabbed to death in evening but Gakher tribe rejected this narration. An ancient proverb is in Kohsar bridal history that is also an advice of parents to their beloved daughter that "your funeral must be released where you are going as a bride now"
جتھیں تواہڑی ڈولی جلنی
اتھاں تواہڑا جناژا ژے لکڑے
 A bride of Kohsar (Circle Bakote & Murree Hills)
 1.5 century ago,  decorated with
heavy silver jewellery
  
 A modern time bride of Circle Bakote 
before a few moments leaving from her parental house
She is sitting with in laws' female relatives at the time of departure to her spouse house.
A newly wedded couple 
at the time of milk drinking custom a half century ago

Kohsarians modern couple tied up in NIKAH in metropolitan cities as Islamabad, Rawalpindi and Karachi today
Weding procesion in Birote with bride DOLI
Wedding procession in Birote with bride DOLI is a ritual in Kohsar

 Barat returned with doli
The Doli carrying by bride relatives leads to groom house
......... And today's Doli?
Food cooking for bride/groom special bread and hina ceremony (Manyan & Mahndi) at mid-night a day before wedding  
 Walima preparation in wedding
A wedding tent for Valima
 A bride of Kohsar (Circle Bakote & Murree Hills)
 1.5 century ago,  decorated with 
heavy silver jewellery
Lantern.........It was a special item for dowry in old days
Funeral and After
Every who came in this mortal World, it is an ultimate decision of God or gods that he will be returned to his final destiny, called DEATH. There were many rituals in Kohsar of Circle Bakote and Murree Hills since advancement of Islam in this region. 
 Funeral rituals in Past

Old mother........Weeping & crying over her son death
A dead body of a Kohsarian person in cuffed white cloth sheets. 
Ready to bury after funeral prayer

People of Birote
 offering Namaz e Janaza 
under Molana Yaqoob Alvi Birotvi Imamat
And finally............ The last & least home of a Muslim till Judgement Day
It is an Epitaph of a grave in Birote, mostly graves are constructed in concrete form.
Doa soon after burial
Quraan Reciting days three to fourty for deceased soul called Khatam & Chaleya.
Feudal of Kohsar devoted their properties for religious families to fulfill this ego in old days.

     (To be continued)
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